The "idea of monasticism" invites a misconception, because monasticism is not an idea but a practice. It is a discipline of life, encapsulated in a vow to obey a rule. Monasticism is not a theory about the good life, and still less an escape from practicality, but rather a commitment to live according to a rule handed down from a founder. In its classical Western form deriving from St.
History of Asia
The Religions of South Asia | Asia Society
The history of Asia can be seen as the collective history of several distinct peripheral coastal regions such as, East Asia , South Asia , and the Middle East linked by the interior mass of the Eurasian steppe. The coastal periphery was the home to some of the world's earliest known civilizations, with each of the three regions developing early civilizations around fertile river valleys. These valleys were fertile because the soil there was rich and could bear many root crops. The civilizations in Mesopotamia , India , and China shared many similarities and likely exchanged technologies and ideas such as mathematics and the wheel. Other notions such as that of writing likely developed individually in each area.
Monasticism , an institutionalized religious practice or movement whose members attempt to live by a rule that requires works that go beyond those of either the laity or the ordinary spiritual leaders of their religions. Commonly celibate and universally ascetic , the monastic individual separates himself or herself from society either by living as a hermit or anchorite religious recluse or by joining a community coenobium of others who profess similar intentions. First applied to Christian groups in antiquity, the term monasticism is now used to denote similar, though not identical, practices in religions such as Buddhism , Hinduism , Jainism , and Daoism. The term monasticism implies celibacy , or living alone in the sense of lacking a spouse, which became a socially and historically crucial feature of the monastic life.
During the journey he visited many sacred Buddhist sites in what are now Pakistan , India , Nepal , and Bangladesh. He was born in what is now Henan province around , from boyhood he took to reading religious books, including the Chinese classics and the writings of ancient sages. He later travelled throughout China in search of sacred books of Buddhism. At length, he came to Chang'an , then under the peaceful rule of Emperor Taizong of Tang , where Xuanzang developed the desire to visit India. He knew about Faxian 's visit to India and, like him, was concerned about the incomplete and misinterpreted nature of the Buddhist texts that had reached China.